Colombo — the commercial capital of Sri Lanka Kandy — the spiritual heart of the country, home to a tooth of the Buddha Nuwara Eliya — has the coolest climate in Sri Lanka and mountains covered with Tea plants Anuradhapura — ruins of ancient capitals partially restored Polonnaruwa — ruins of ancient capitals partially restored Batticaloa — the main town in eastern region- Called land of singing fish. Ella – Small yet vibrant village in the beautiful midlands. Visit now, before concrete hotels start to appear. Tangalle – Palm tree lined beach with white soft sand and turquoise water. There are no issues with non-religious tattoos. Smoking in public places is prohibited including inside buses and trains. Violators can be prosecuted. Photographing with your back to statues of the Buddha or posing in an inappropriate manner next to them are prohibited. Violators will be booked.
Prehistory of Sri Lanka The pre-history of Sri Lanka goes back , years and possibly even as far back as , years. In these caves, archaeologists have found the remains of anatomically modern humans which they have named Balangoda Man , and other evidence  suggesting that they may have engaged in agriculture and kept domestic dogs for driving game. The 19th-century Irish historian James Emerson Tennent theorized that Galle , a city in southern Sri Lanka, was the ancient seaport of Tarshish from which King Solomon is said to have drawn ivory , peacocks , and other valuables.
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As examples of divisive ethnic nationalism, experts point to government efforts to repeal a constitutional amendment that allows power sharing; heavy-handed governance; the lack of widespread recognition of the Tamil language ; and a breakdown in rule of law. These were all past triggers for violence. Who are the Tamils? Although this group has largely assimilated, Tamils in the north and northeast identify themselves as being a distinct ethnicity with roots in the country dating back millennia.
Tamil political leaders in these areas have gained popularity by campaigning along ethnic lines and have, until recently, called for a separate state. Who are the Liberation Tamil Tigers of Eelam? Liberation Tamil Tigers of Eelam LTTE was a rebel group that emerged in the mid s; their grievances included alleged state discrimination and human rights abuses against ethnic Tamils. The group was famous for its suicide attacks on military and civilian targets, and, since , it has been internationally classified as a terrorist organization.
Currently, LTTE holds little influence within the country, but its ideology remains popular among hardline members of the Tamil diaspora, which is primarily located in Europe and North America. Since , the state has – officially and unofficially – clamped down on parties promoting self-determination. The Tamil leadership no longer pushes for a separate state but advocates instead for the devolution of power within the current state.
During the late stages of conflict, unidentified groups killed a number of prominent Tamil law makers, allegedly with state support, according to human rights groups.
It is also the commercial and financial center of Sri Lanka. A bustling metropolis, the city is an attractive blend of old and new. It has the lazy charm of the bygone era combined with the verve and vivaciousness of a modern city. Colombo is an ideal location to start the Sri Lanka sojourn. City Travel Guide The Fort: Originally a fort during the Portuguese and Dutch periods but now a major commercial center of the country and housing major offices, big hotels, some of the better shops, airline offices, banks, main post office, immigration office, travel agents and restaurants.
May 17, · Sri Lanka’s civil war: The history of the Tamil conflict Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) formed in and have spent the past 26 years engaged in a bitter battle for a homeland.
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Sri Lanka’s civil war: The history of the Tamil conflict
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Kandy’s Sri Dalada Maligawa, which houses the Tooth Relic of the Buddha, is an active temple complex that is the ritual center of Buddhism in Sri Lanka. During this temple’s annual perahera season, the Tooth Relic is paraded through the torch-lit streets, accompanied by dancers, drummers, and elephants.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Wolfgang Beyer Proximity to the Indian subcontinent has facilitated close cultural interaction between Sri Lanka and India from ancient times. At a crossroads of maritime routes traversing the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka has also been exposed to cultural influences from other Asian civilizations. Ancient Greek geographers called it Taprobane. Arabs referred to it as Serendib. Later European mapmakers called it Ceylon, a name still used occasionally for trade purposes.
It officially became Sri Lanka in The distinctive civilization of Sri Lanka, with roots that can be traced back to the 6th century bce, is characterized by two factors: This civilization was further enriched by the influences of Hinduism and Islam. Sri LankaTime-lapse video of Sri Lanka. Colombo , which emerged as the main urban centre during British rule, remains the executive and judicial capital of Sri Lanka; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte , a Colombo suburb, is the legislative capital.
For administrative purposes, the country has been divided into nine provinces and subdivided into 25 districts. ColomboTown hall in Colombo, Sri Lanka. The majority of its people are poor, live in rural areas, and depend on agriculture for their livelihood.
Sri Lankan place name etymology
Its report details 75 cases of rape and sexual assault by members of the Sri Lankan security forces from to — three years after the civil war ended when the army encircled the remaining LTTE forces in a tiny ‘no-fire zone’ in the far north of the country and killed most of its leaders. The Sri Lankan government has been accused of war crimes for its conduct of the final stages of the war, including allegations that thousands of civilians were killed by shelling of the ‘no-fire zone’ but has rejected the claims as politically motivated.
Opponents say it has developed a siege mentality and allowed a culture of impunity to continue. The government has strongly denied the claims and said it believes photographs, showing the 12 year old boy alive in dead in army custody, were ‘morphed. Human Rights Watch said it had interviewed most of the 75 victims whose cases it details after they had fled the country and said their testimony revealed that those detained as LTTE suspects remained under threat.
Tamil english t m l ; tami, pronunciation help info is a dravidian language predominantly spoken by the tamil people of india and sri lanka, and by the tamil diaspora, sri lankan moors, burghers, douglas, and is an official language of three countries india, sri lanka and has official status in the indian state.
Sinhala and Tamil, but many of the people speak English Local Currency: Sri Lankan Rupee Sri Lanka is very close to the Equator which means that temperatures remain fairly constant year-round. Sri Lanka is unusual as it has two monsoon seasons with the wettest periods being December and January in the North. Humidity is high everywhere throughout the island. Sri Lanka has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.
Its documented history spans 3, years, with evidence of pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least , years.
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Commonly used trees in village names are pol coconut and Kitul palm , among others. Examples for this are waduwa carpenter , batta lower caste settlement , ambataya barber , aruwa potter , goviya farmer , bamuna Brahmin and Villiya Rodiya. Grasslands were termed as talava and tree groves were termed golla. Village tanks were called pokuna or katuwa. Irrigation tanks were called wewa. Flat lands were termed botha.
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However, many nationalities throughout the globe follow different calendars from this standard frame of 1st January to 31st December. What N currently followed globally is the Christian calendar beginning from the Birth of Christ. The Sun was God to the primitive races that occupied earth. The Sun has been the base on which time and seasons were counted upon. This Sun festival was practiced in Sri L during the rule of pre-historical Emperor Rawan in Dolapabbatha an area close to Pulasthipura now known as Polonnaruwa.
It may be because Rawana ruled seven continents than extending to South America. It should be noted that the Asuras were also sun worshippers. Indeed, it was this festival that later came to be celebrated as Christmas by the 3rd century Christian community in Rome.
Culture of Sri Lanka
In , Australia and Sri Lanka will mark the 70th Anniversary of formal diplomatic relations with a series of events celebrating our contemporary relationship. Our strong relationship is founded on our shared history of cooperation in areas such as education dating back to the Colombo Plan of the early s , trade and investment, sport, culture and development as well as our links through the Commonwealth.
We have common interests in security and sustainable development in the Indian Ocean region.
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To get wild Dive with blue whales in season or watch spinner dolphins leap about in Kalpitiya. Sri Lanka also has 5, wild elephants ambling about and the biggest concentration of leopards in the world. See them in Yala national park, along with sloth bears and buffalo. An elusive leopard in Yala Credit: This content is subject to copyright. For cricket in Galle Sleepy Galle is a haven for grown-up backpackers, with Dutch colonial architecture, jewellery shops, ice cream parlours and an almost complete dearth of nightlife.
It is also where to catch an international cricket match or have a knock about near an old fort. Children watch the cricket from the wall of a fort in Galle Credit:
Sri Lanka Army
Muralitharan became the highest wicket-taker in Test cricket when overtook the previous record-holder Shane Warne on 3 December in longer version of the game. Muralitharan had previously held the record when he surpassed Courtney Walsh ‘s wickets in But he suffered a shoulder injury later that year and was then overtaken by Warne.
Sri Lanka has a documented history of over 2, years, mainly due to ancient historic scriptures like Mahawamsa, and with the first stone objects dating back to , BC. Several centuries of intermittent foreign influence has transformed Sri Lankan culture to its present form.
Senanayaka visiting the 1st battalion of the CLI at the Echelon Square and watching volunteers being trained to handle light machine guns In the name of the military was formally changed to the Ceylon Defence Force CDF. It continued to grow throughout the early period of the 20th century. In Sri Lanka gained independence from Britain, becoming a Dominion within the commonwealth and a year earlier Ceylon entered into the bi-lateral Anglo-Ceylonese Defence Agreement of This followed by the Army Act No.
The Defence Agreement of provided the assurance that British would come to the aid of Ceylon in the event it was attacked by a foreign power and provided British military advisers to build up the country’s military. Brigadier James Sinclair , Earl of Caithness was appointed as general officer commanding Ceylon Army, as such becoming the first commander of the Ceylon Army. The initial requirement was to raise an artillery regiment, an engineer squadron, an infantry battalion, a medical unit, and a service corps company.
For much of the s the army was preoccupied with the task of building itself and training existing and new personal. New officers were sent for training at Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst which continued until the s and both officers and other ranks were sent to specialist training courses in Britain, India, Pakistan and Malaya. There were no formations and all units were structured to directly function under the Army Headquarters.
However temporary field headquarters were to be formed at the time requirement arose. The first internal security operation of the Ceylon Army began in , code named Operation Monty to counter the influx of illegal South Indian immigrants brought in by smugglers on the north-western coast, in support of Royal Ceylon Navy coastal patrols and police operations.
The Army was mobilised to help the police to restore peace under provincial emergency regulations during the hartal , the Gal Oya Valley riots and in it was deployed for the first time under emergency regulations throughout the island during the Riots.
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Its capital and largest city is Chennai formerly known as Madras. Tamil Nadu  lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of KeralaKarnatakaand Andhra Pradesh. The state shares a maritime border with the nation of Sri Lanka. The name Lankaused in the Epic chronicles, was adopted in to Prakrit with the addition of a leading vowel which could be “a, e, h e, or i”. This is further clarified by noting that eighteen countries are mentioned in early Tamil literature, clearly distinguishing “cinkalam” from “Tamlaak h am”, viz.
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Sri Lanka Located off the southern tip of India. Known to Europeans from at least the 2nd century CE. The following list memorializes the most important states; though often unified, Sri Lanka has had many eras of fragmentation as well. Dynastic names reflect the location of capitals more often than familial descent. Europeans began involving themselves in Sri Lankan affairs from The line of Sinhalese rulers from the 5th century BCE to the present.
The Andaman chain is in the northern reach of the group, the Nicobars to the south. Known of from very early times, being as they are on a direct route from India to Southeast Asia. The islands were not annexed by any great power however, for the local inhabitants dealt very harshly with any shipwrecked sailors or chance landings they could seize. To Great Britain; utilized as a penal colony